The SEC fined and censured a fund manager because its under-resourced compliance department allowed unlawful cross-trading and principal trading. The SEC charges that the firm engaged in illegal cross-trading and principal trading between registered funds and other affiliated clients by using an interpositioned broker as part of pre-arranged transactions. Although the firm had relevant written policies and procedures, according to the SEC, “the individuals working on cross trading within [the firm’s] compliance department were underqualified, under resourced, and required additional training and resources to effectively implement [the] trading restrictions.” The SEC faulted the firm, and not the compliance department, because “[s]enior members of the compliance department raised the need for additional compliance resources on multiple occasions to … senior management” but those requests were not met. Much of the relevant monitoring was delegated to a “low-level administrative assistant” because of heavy compliance workloads.
OUR TAKE: The SEC will hold management accountable for failing to properly fund the compliance function, especially after the compliance department has informed management that more help is needed. As a guide, we recommend that firms spend no less than 5% of revenues or 7% of operating costs on compliance infrastructure, including personnel and technology.