A large broker-dealer was fined and censured for failing to act against a longtime broker charged with participating in pump-and-dump transactions. The SEC faults the firm for ignoring red flags including emails outlining the illegal activity, FINRA arbitrations, and customer complaints. One supervisor explained that he did not act more aggressively because the broker worked at the firm for 30 years and her business partner was a partial owner of the firm. The SEC asserts that the firm’s supervisory system “lacked any reasonable coherent structure to provide guidance to supervisors and other staff for investigating possible facilitation of market manipulation.” The SEC also maintains that the firm “lacked reasonable procedures regarding the investigation and handling of red flags.”
Reasonable policies and procedures must do more than simply restate the law and the firm’s commitment to comply with the law. The compliance manual or WSPs must specifically describe HOW a firm will prevent and address regulatory misconduct.